Many people are confused by the terms Manic Depression and Bipolar Disorder. The real question to ask is what is Manic Depression? Manic depression is a term used to describe a mental condition, often referred to as bipolar disorder. The more descriptive term manic depression, describes the mood swings individual experience; from a manic mode to a depressive mode.
This disorder consist of a group of mood shifts, which are characterized by unstable instances in behavior, thought patterns, and mood. The disorder causes an elevation in behavior consisting of irritability, explosive anger, and depressive episodes. These behaviors differ in their level of severity.
One crucial point that distinguishes bipolar disorders from manic depression disorder is determining whether the person has had an epic episode. The episode (mania) must have lasted for one week, or it must have been a hypomanic episode, which last for four days or longer, or depression, which typically lasts for two weeks.
Clinical Terms for Manic Depression
The medical term used by a German psychiatrist (Emil Kraepelin) is referred to as “manic depressive psychosis.” The disorder was once deemed a mental illness, until Kraepelin studied the effects the illness had on patients who have suffered from the disorder. The studies revealed that the effects of the illness were separated by periods of normal behavior.
The first “Manic depressive reaction” was noted in a 1952 manual of psychiatric diagnostics. In 1957, the term Manic depressive reaction, replaced the term “Bipolar.” “Bipolar” referred to patients who suffered from mania depression. However, the clinical term “unipolar” was associated with patients who suffered from depression only.
Manic depression evolves around elevated moods and moods of depression. Individuals suffering from the disorder can shift from one mood to another, or they can experience both episodes consistently.
How to Recognize Manic Depression in Individuals
Everyone has ups and downs, good days and bad days. However, people who suffer from manic depression experience mood swings more often than most people. Their behavior ranges from the high extremes of manic behavior to the lowest forms of depression. Their mood swings can last for days, weeks, and even months.
These mood swings are unpredictable, and they can create disturbances at work, at home, at home, and in relationships. During an episode of manic behavior, a person can easily quit their job on impulse, charge large sums of money on their credit cards, or feel well rested after sleeping for several hours.
Most individuals don’t recognize the signs of manic depression, so they fail to get the help they need. Since this disorder can worsen over time, it is important for people to recognize the symptoms. At the time, the disorder can have people too weary to roll out of bed, or at a point of self- loathing or feelings of hopelessness. The condition is intensified if debts or unemployment are pressing factors in the person’s life.
The cause of the disorder is not completely understood. In most cases it is hereditary. The first episode usually appears during the teen years or during early adulthood. The symptoms are often confusing, which is why most people with manic depression are misdiagnosed. Once the proper diagnosis and treatment is introduced, people with the disorder can live a rich and gratifying life.
By Dane Gracia